U.S. Every Student Succeeds Act: Negative Impacts on Teaching Out-of-Field


Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)
United States
teacher training
student performance

How to Cite

Van Overschelde, J., & Piatt, A. (2020). U.S. Every Student Succeeds Act: Negative Impacts on Teaching Out-of-Field. Research in Educational Policy and Management, 2(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.46303/repam.02.01.1


Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) requires states to ensure the equitable distribution of out-of-field teachers. Using over 180 million student-course-teacher records from Texas between 2011-12 and 2017-18, we found out-of-field teaching rates have increased dramatically since ESSA became law. We also found vast inequities in which teachers are assigned to teach out-of-field and dramatic differences in student out-of-field course-taking rates across demographic characteristics.  The strongest predictors of teachers teaching out-of-field is that they work in a charter school or completed alternative certification programs. Black teachers and students are most likely to teach and take courses out-of-field, and Latinx teachers and students are least likely. Policy implications are considered given negative impacts of out-of-field teaching on student academic achievement.